Vol 19 No 1 (2024): February (in progress)
Recent Cases

Democratic Legal Principles in the Election of the Governor of NTB, Indonesia
Prinsip Hukum Demokratis dalam Pemilihan Penjabat Gubernur NTB, Indonesia


Lalu Muhammad Azwar
Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Mataram, Indonesia *
M. Galang Asmara
Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Mataram, Indonesia
Chrisdianto Eko Purnomo
Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Mataram, Indonesia

(*) Corresponding Author
Picture in here are illustration from public domain image or provided by the author, as part of their works
Published January 1, 2024
Keywords
  • Democratic Legal Principles,
  • Public Participation,
  • Human Rights,
  • NTB Governor Appointment,
  • Legal Transparency
How to Cite
Azwar, L. M., Asmara, M. G., & Purnomo, C. E. (2024). Democratic Legal Principles in the Election of the Governor of NTB, Indonesia. Indonesian Journal of Law and Economics Review, 19(1), 10.21070/ijler.v19i1.994. https://doi.org/10.21070/ijler.v19i1.994

Abstract

This study critically examines the mechanism of appointing the Acting Governor of Nusa Tenggara Barat (NTB), focusing on its alignment with the principles of a democratic legal state. Utilizing a normative legal research methodology, the study employs legislative and conceptual approaches, drawing from primary and secondary legal materials. The analysis incorporates descriptive analytical, prescriptive, and argumentative data analysis techniques. Findings reveal that the current mechanism, governed by the Ministry of Home Affairs Regulation No. 4 of 2023, mandates adherence to democratic legal state principles. However, it faces significant challenges in ensuring optimal public participation and safeguarding human rights (HAM). Although the process involves multiple stakeholders, including optional non-ministerial government agencies, the final decision remains centrally with the president. This centralistic tendency undermines direct public participation in political decision-making, a core tenet of democracy. Additionally, the mechanism lacks clear legal procedures for termination, posing a risk of violating HAM principles and affecting the legitimacy and continuity of the appointed official. The study recommends enhancing public and representative body involvement to better reflect democratic participation principles. It also suggests regulatory changes to mandate broader stakeholder involvement and establish clear termination mechanisms, thereby improving transparency, accountability, and legal certainty while upholding human rights protection. These improvements are crucial for bolstering the mechanism's democratic legitimacy and efficacy in NTB's governance.
Highlights

  • Centralized Authority: The president's ultimate decision-making power limits public involvement.
  • Public Participation Gap: Insufficient societal engagement in the appointment process.
  • Human Rights Risks: Unclear termination procedures pose legal and legitimacy concerns.

Keywords: Democratic Legal Principles, Public Participation, Human Rights, NTB Governor Appointment, Legal Transparency

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